Drones have seen a lot of technological advancements in the past decade. Over the years, the commercial use of the drone has increased. Currently, delivery services, surveillance, and shipments use drones. Search and rescue missions use drones. Also, there are talks to transform drones into an alternative mode of transport.
Known as “Eyes on the Skies”, drones are restricted by governments around the world.
Types of Drones
The drones can be classified into five types, based on their weight, altitude, and speed. They are as follows:
- Nano drone – weighs less than 0.2 kg with an altitude. With a range of 90 meters.
- Micro drone – weighs between 0.25 to 2 kg with an altitude. With a range of 90 meters and 5 kilometers.
- Mini drone – weighs between 2 to 20 kg with an altitude. With a range of 900 meters and 25 kilometers.
- Small drone – weighs less than 150 kg with an altitude. With a range of 1500 meters and 100 kilometers.
- Tactical drone – weighs more than 150 kg with an altitude. With a range and range of 3000 meters and 200 kilometers.
Uses of Drones
Entrepreneurs, small businesses, large companies, and governments use drones for commercial and security purposes. Amateurs use Nano drones. Moreover, the possibilities of improving them are currently under research. Firstly, mini drones are for filming and photography. Additionally, they are for disaster management, area mapping, border patrolling, and surveillance. They have a limited payload capacity. For instance, they are used for delivering packages, agricultural purposes, and emergency healthcare. Secondly, small drones are used for remote sensing, recreational use, oil, gas, and mineral exploration. Finally, large drones are used for military purposes.
Invasion of privacy and security
However, the advent of drone technology has given rise to an issue of privacy and security. Moreover, drones are available for all as they are affordable. The increased use of these gadgets has raised threats.
- Spying and tracking
Drones are spy gadgets operated remotely and encrypted. Equipped with high-resolution cameras, these drones are capable of capturing high-resolution images.
Due to technological advancements, many of these drones remain undetected. Smugglers use drones to peddle undetected drugs and goods across borders. The reason for adopting these smart gadgets is to eliminate the need for a human. Moreover, the identity of the person remains unknown.
Using covert channels is possible for these spy gadgets to infiltrate and steal data from sensitive organizations. They are equipped with radio transceivers and are capable of extracting addresses of mobile phones, tablets, and laptops. They also disrupt signals and carry out telephony attacks.